Before we even think about getting started on research, research ethics needs to be considered

This folder contains the research ethics assignment. The assignment has two parts. Additionally  in Part 2 you will try a note taking strategy when you read your ethics article. You will upload a short reflection of how the strategy worked for you.  It also haves the pdfs of the four choices of articles to  read.

 

 Research Ethics

Before we even think about getting started on research, research ethics needs to be considered. The history of how humans have treated each other in the name of research has not been stellar. In November 2010, President Obama ordered a review of research ethics guidelines because there was evidence discovered about a significant ethics violation involving human subjects. It was revealed that American scientists intentionally infected citizens of Guatemala, who were in a mental hospital at the time, with syphilis in the 1940’s. Even if the research is going to happen in one small classroom or a nonprofit organization, or in one small town, proper research ethics procedures must be followed.

Reading: There are three reading tasks to accomplish to enhance your understanding of research ethics.

1.  What is the history of ethics in research? TimeLine investigation.

2.  Examine ethics in research by reading an article in depth to develop a deeper understanding of the issues surrounding ethics in research.

Assignment:  Note- This is one of the few times we will use the forums to respond to readings. Length of post is not the issue. What is in the post is!

Part 1. Post a response to reading task 1 (5pts): Prompts and ideas are provided but you do not have to go by them.  You can start a thread. You can respond to a thread, or both.

Part 2. Bring a response to reading task 2 (5pts):  Highlight and/or write statements in response to the article you choose. You will work in a group in class to form a group response.

 

 

 

A posting rubric follows. This is to serve as guideline. I am not going to score  it using this rubric. But use this as a guide to make meaningful posts. Don’t waste your time, mine or your classmates by posting nonsense!

 

 

 

 

From Barbara Frey at pitt.edu

http://www.udel.edu/janet/MARC2006/rubric.html

Criteria Unacceptable

0 Points

Acceptable

1 Point

Good

2 Points

Excellent

3 Points

Assignment Posting Posts no assignment. Posts adequate assignment with superficial thought and preparation; doesn’t address all aspects of the task. Posts well developed assignment that addresses all aspects of the task; lacks full development of concepts. Posts well developed assignment that fully addresses and develops all aspects of the task.
Follow-Up Postings Posts no follow-up responses to others. Posts shallow contribution to discussion (e.g., agrees or disagrees); does not enrich discussion. Elaborates on an existing posting with further comment or observation. Demonstrates analysis of others’ posts; extends meaningful discussion by building on previous posts.
Content

Contribution

Posts information that is off-topic, incorrect, or irrelevant to discussion. Repeats but does not add substantive information to the discussion. Posts information that is factually correct; lacks full development of concept or thought. Posts factually correct, reflective and substantive contribution;

advances discussion.

         
References & Support Includes no references or supporting experience. Uses personal experience, but no references to readings or research. Incorporates some references from literature and personal experience. Uses references to literature, readings, personal experience to support comments.
Clarity & Mechanics Posts long, unorganized or rude content that may contain multiple errors or may be inappropriate. Communicates in friendly, courteous and helpful manner with some errors in clarity or mechanics. Contributes valuable information to discussion with minor clarity or mechanics errors. Contributes to discussion with clear, concise comments formatted in an easy to read style that is free of grammatical or spelling errors.

 

Please be professional and courteous.

·         Make Connections.

·         Share Examples.

·         Share- Have another resource?

·         Agree and add to it

·         Disagree but share why

·         Themes appearing?

Reading Task 1:  Explore the history of ethics in research timeline.

 

One of the responsibilities of the National Institute of Health is to provide ethics training for researchers. They developed an online research in ethics training course. That course shares some of the historical issues and studies concerning ethics in research. This task will take you to the NIH timeline of the ethics in research, and to two recent ethics in research events. You should consider the implications of research ethics in these studies as well as for conducting research in your own professional setting. (forum prompts to consider are in italics)

A.    Go to the Timeline of Events http://phrp.nihtraining.com/history/07_history.php

Move through the timeline, clicking on each event. The timeline shows what has been happening in ethics in research since 1932. There are several different kinds of ethics issues presented in the timeline.  As you explore the timeline, think about: what do you notice? What stands out?

 

Try to look for a few similarities and differences as you move through the events on the timeline, and the second hand smoke and red wine and autism events.

B.     Ethics issue – about exposing children to second hand smoke

http://tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.com/2012/07/new-study-violates-ethical-principles.html

C.     about the benefits of red wine and about the autism vaccination and a few others

http://www.menshealth.com/health/when-scientists-lie

 

 

Also, consider posting questions you have about research ethics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reading Task 2: Read one ethics article. You choose one from the list provided.

Research ethics articles – Select one (all are full text articles thru WOU library EBSCO databases.) also posted.

Mayne, F., & Howitt, C. (2014). Reporting of ethics in early childhood journals: A meta-analysis

of 10 journals from 2009 to 2012. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood39(2), 71-79.

Moon, T. R. (2011). A primer on research ethics in the field of gifted education. Gifted Child  

          Quarterly55(3), 223-229. doi:10.1177/0016986211412163

Nolen, A. L., & Putten, J. V. (2007). Action research in education: addressing gaps in ethical

principles and practices. Educational Researcher36(7), 401-407.

Warrell, J. G., & Jacobsen, M. (2014). Internet research ethics and the policy gap for ethical

practice in online research settings. Canadian Journal of Higher Education44(1), 22-

37.

Think about the NIH timeline, the articles on second hand smoke and autism, and the ethics article you read. Using specific examples (not summaries) from these sources, share your thoughts, perspectives, concerns, and/or questions about conducting human subjects research in your setting or profession. Perhaps you can make connections with research you have done in the past, and/or about research in which you have been a participant.  The response should

·         showcase your understanding about what ethics in research entails and why it is important;

·         your being able to take some generalizations about research ethics – going from the broad to the specific – you r professional setting;  and

·         being able to directly use information from readings to formulate your response. 

 

Post your reflection about your note taking strategy used while reading your ethics article.

One paragraph- did it work? how did it or did it  not work? what would you like to keep? to change?

 

 

 

 

 

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