Make a case for or against the necessity of discretion in public administration

The term paper should be at least 5 pages long, 1.5 spacing and should include the following sections: Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Discussion and Conclusion, APA reference style and format.

You can used referred academic/professional journals, Books published by academic presses, Magazines and Newspapers, internet sources etc.

Topic: Make a case for or against the necessity of discretion in public administration

Due: December 3, 2018

This assignment is not to be rushed and to include sources that can be located my myself.

If your first reaction summary is not correct I will allow you to resubmit it the following week.

Read Chapter 25 in your book on sleep disorders Pediatric Sleep Disorders

Read the 4 quick handouts- all are pdfs entitled D10-Obstructive Sleep Apnea, D12-Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS), D13-Periodic Limb Movements (PLMS), D14-narcolepsy,

Watch the powerpoint with Voiceover in Week 4 folder on behavioral treatments of sleep disorders

Read the pdf on sleep in children with chronic illness

Read the pdf on chapter 14 Clinical case on sleep disorders

You will send a 4-5 page (Thorough!) single spaced summary of what you have reviewed and what you learned. (just so I know they are completed). FOR ANY CREDIT: 1) IT MUST BE 4 FULL pages single spaced; 2) you must refer to the content of each aspect of the assignment (ppts, videos, readings, etc); and 3) give a few statements on the assignments as far as what you learned, what you didnt know, your reaction to the activity what is most important, what you liked/didn’t like about the activity. If your first reaction summary is not correct I will allow you to resubmit it the following week.

TEST QUESTIONS: Each week along with the reaction summary you will submit 3 test questions from either the Handbook of Psychology chapter that week. If there is not a chapter, pick 3 from any part of the assignments that week. PLACE THESE ON THE FOLLOWING PAGE AFTER YOUR REACTION SUMMRY ENDS> THEY DO NOT COUNT TOWARD PAGE REQUIREMENT FOR REACTION SUMMARY


Explain how you will implement the decision made and reflect on whether this option was the most effective.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:
1. Define the problem in the scenario that you have chosen.
2. Analyze the problem in the scenario.
3. Generate options for solving the problem in the scenario.
4. Evaluate the options for solving the problem.
5. Decide on the best option for solving the problem.
6. Explain how you will implement the decision made and reflect on whether this option was the most effective.

Please review the the first attached document to see what the requirement is and all other documents?

1. Attachment 1 file name “PHI 210 Assignment 2 Qs” contains all the requirement with 4 scenarios that one should be selected to work on.

Choose one (1) of the problem scenarios as a topic choice for your paper

Scenario 1: You have worked at your company for eleven (11) years. You have returned to college to earn a Bachelor’s degree in order to increase your chances for a promotion. You are nearly finished with your degree, when a supervisor’s position in a competing company becomes available in another state. The start date is in two (2) weeks, during your final exam period for your courses. The position offers a $15,000 per year salary increase, a car allowance, and relocation expenses. Your former supervisor works for the company and is recommending you for the position based on your outstanding job performance; if you want the job, it’s yours. All of the other supervisors at this level in the company have Master’s degrees, so you know that you would be expected to earn your Bachelor’s degree and continue on to a Master’s degree. Your present company offers tuition reimbursement, but the new company does not.

Scenario 2: Your child comes home from school with an assignment sheet for a school project. He / she is very excited about the project and begins work immediately, doing research on the Internet and gathering materials. You read over the assignment sheet and notice that your child is not including all of the required items in the project, and you have some ideas for how to improve the quality of the presentation. You recently read an article in a parenting magazine about the importance of a child developing responsibility for his/ her own learning. You recall the many ways in which your parents took over your school projects. You, on the other hand, want to encourage your child’s confidence in his / her ability to complete a project independently. The next day, you are at the grocery store when you see a parent of a student in your child’s class. That parent has spent over $30 in supplies for the science project and is taking a day off of work to put the pieces of the project together.

Scenario 3: You have two jobs—one during the week from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, and one on Saturday from 3:00 pm to 11:00 pm. You are taking two classes—one that meets from 6:00 to 10:00 pm, and one class online. You have two kids—one who plays soccer, and one who is in band. You have two elderly parents who no longer drive. You have two siblings—one who lives two (2) miles away, and one who lives in another state. You have two (2) papers due in your classes the same week that one (1) of your children has a soccer tournament, and the other child has a band concert. You are coaching the soccer team, and you are in charge of fundraising for the band. You have a goal to complete your degree in two (2) years. Your doctor tells you that your blood pressure, your cholesterol, and your weight are too high and recommends several medications that cost you nearly $200 per month after your insurance co-pay.

Scenario 4: You are a sales representative for a company that encourages staff to log time in the field and away from the office. You are expected to begin and end your day at the office. You notice that each day when you arrive and return another co-worker is already there, and you wonder whether this person spends most of his / her time at the office. At your weekly sales meeting, you are informed of your co-workers’ outstanding sales performance. You suspect that this co-worker is spending more time flattering the boss instead of working leads in the field, and as a result is getting the best client referrals. Your own sales numbers have steadily decreased since this other sales representative was hired.

2. Attachment 2 Grading Rubic assignment 2

3. Attachment 3 Strayer_Writing_Standards

4. links that you should refer:

No copy work is accepted it will be checked % of copy include in the paper.


The DQ response must be 200 words and have at least one citation and one reference in APA format

Topic 3 DQ 2

Why is it important to evaluate sources for credibility, reliability, and bias? What are possible consequences for not evaluating sources for these items?

The DQ response must be 200 words and have at least one citationand one reference in APA format

Topic 3 DQ 3

Why is Turnitin a valuable tool for students?

The DQ response must be 200 words and have at least one citation and one reference in APA format.

Identify and explain at least 3 ethical concerns as per the APA Ethical Codes and how you would resolve the concerns.

Assignment Instructions

In this case study, you will analyze a testing scenario using your knowledge of testing and ethics.

Part A: Review the Case

A school psychologist uses an IQ test to identify students who would benefit from gifted programs and special education. According to the school district policy, new students must be tested for placement. A student from a rural school relocates to an urban school within the same district. The school psychologist tests the student and observes a change in the IQ score from testing done two months prior.

Part B: Case Analysis

In a 5-6 page paper, addressing the following information:

1. Describe your immediate reaction to the scenario. What are the details you immediately noticed? What questions did the scenario raise about testing?

2. Identify and explain 3 factors that impact performance on IQ tests.

3. Identify and discuss 3 reliability and validity concerns with the scenario.

4. Identify and explain at least 3 ethical concerns as per the APA Ethical Codes and how you would resolve the concerns.

Integrate academic sources on psychological assessment to support your position.

Please ensure that your paper is in APA format, using 12 pt Times New Roman font, double-spaced, with a title and references page. An abstract is not necessary. The paper should integrate 5-6 scholarly resources.

There are several methods to utilize that will allow a person to calm themselves when they are experiencing symptoms

There are a plethora of symptoms that a person may experience when they are dealing with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related issues. Insomnia, depression, irritability and mantic like behavior are all symptoms that a person may experience when dealing with post-traumatic stress disorder (Zoladz PR, Diamond DM., June 2013). The theoretical orientation that I selected to use was the Humanistic approach would requires the individual experiencing issues to consult with their case worker or health care provider. The provider would allow the individual to express their concerns and identify a method to assist the individual who is struggling. From what I gathered from research, things such as flashbacks, self-blame and depression are some of the major concerns for PTSD and they are usually manifested through the individual who is experiencing the issues behavior. From a cognitive stand point a person may have trouble reasoning with the event that took place.
There are several methods to utilize that will allow a person to calm themselves when they are experiencing symptoms of PTSD (Bisson JI, Cosgrove S, Lewis C, Robert NP, November 2015). Creating an environment where self-help methods serve as best practice is a practical way to ensure that people suffering from PTSD cope. Coping skills are not easily obtained depending on the situation. One of the major issues that we face when people deal with PTSD and are not able to cope properly is suicide (Panagioti M, Gooding PA, Triantafyllou K, Tarrier N., April 2015). There are several methods that can be used but they require a lot of forethought and hard work. I believe counseling sessions are very important because through it, you learn exact methods that may work for your patient. If someone is suffering from a traumatic experience such as the loss of a close friend in combat. It may be practical to have the person talk about the incident while in counseling. Through counseling, the counselor may be able to pick up particular moments that can be highlighted when the relationship with the deceased friend had good moments. It could potentially be possible for the counselor to redirect negative thoughts about tragic events to pleasurable events regarding the deceased friend. The same is possible when dealing a series of tragic issues.
In any case, education will be the foundation of a solid plan to help someone either move past or cope with the symptoms of PTSD (Haagen JF, Smid GE, Knipscheer JW, Kleber RJ., August 2015). Educating a person on the symptoms they are experiencing along with coping mechanisms to help them is a key factor to recovery (Roberts NP, Kitchiner NJ, Kenardy J, Bisson J., July 2009). There are times when events in life can trigger a person who have learned to cope with their PTSD related symptoms. Educating a person on avoiding triggers is key but there may be times where they cannot and will be at risk for relapsing, giving an individual in this situation a solid care plan can ensure they not only bring themselves to a point where the calm themselves but may also give them the strength to know when they cannot. The person can be taught to seek help when their symptoms become overbearing.
Carl D. Nelson Jr.
Bisson JI, Cosgrove S, Lewis C, Robert NP (November 2015). “Post-traumatic stress disorder”. BMJ. 351: h6161. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6161. PMC 4663500. PMID 26611143
Haagen JF, Smid GE, Knipscheer JW, Kleber RJ (August 2015). “The efficacy of recommended treatments for veterans with PTSD: A metaregression analysis”. Clinical Psychology Review. 40: 184-94.
Panagioti M, Gooding PA, Triantafyllou K, Tarrier N (April 2015). “Suicidality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 50 (4): 525-37. doi:10.1007/s00127-014-0978-x. PMID 25398198
Roberts NP, Kitchiner NJ, Kenardy J, Bisson J (July 2009). “Multiple session early psychological interventions for the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD006869. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006869.pub2. PMID 19588408
Zoladz PR, Diamond DM (June 2013). “Current status on behavioral and biological markers of PTSD: a search for clarity in a conflicting literature”. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 37 (5): 860-95

Select and complete two online intelligence tests. Please include a link to the tests you have taken.

Select and complete two online intelligence tests. Please include a link to the tests you have taken.

Here are a few examples of links to online intelligence tests:

Integrating examples and ideas from your readings and research this week, please consider the following questions: What was your experience with the tests? What are your impressions of the tests? Were the tests easy to use? How many items were on the test? Did you have any questions about the items? Did the items appear to be testing what they said they were testing? On which theory of intelligence does the test appear to be based? What are the benefits and limitations of online intelligence tests versus traditional intelligence tests?


Select one of the forensic interviewing techniques and write a paper discussing its relevance and the concerns

I need someone to write a 5 page paper (not including title and reference pages your assignment). Support your assignment with at least five scholarly resources.

Select one of the forensic interviewing techniques and write a paper discussing its relevance and the concerns implicated in the research, such as the reliability and validity concerns. You may also include ways the research suggests to improve areas where interviewing may possibly skew the results.

For this exercise, you will choose one of the psychological experiments listed at the bottom of these instructions.

Mock IRB Application-Part 1


Psychological experiments that are conducted on human or animal subjects must go through a review by an administrative body known as an Institutional Review Board (IRB).  Approval must be gained by an IRB before a study can be funded or conducted.  Researchers, whether they are faculty, students, or other affiliated personnel, must complete a detailed application that is presented to the IRB for its review.

APUS has an IRB, much like that of any research-producing university or institution.  Attached you will find an amended version of the actual application that researchers must submit to the IRB in advance of conducting psychological research. ***This is a mock version of the application.  You are not actually submitting anything to the real APUS IRB while conducting this exercise.

For this exercise, you will choose one of the psychological experiments listed at the bottom of these instructions.  These are experiments that have already been conducted and published.  Several are “classic” experiments in social psychology of which you should already be aware.  You will read the published article carefully and then you will take the knowledge gleaned from the article to complete the IRB application AS IF you were the Principal Investigator applying for approval to conduct the study.

For some of the questions included on the application, you may need to “stretch” your knowledge a bit.  For example, the published article may say that college students were given extra credit for participation, but may not go into a lot of detail regarding the process used to recruit those students.  In such a situation, you may need to use your imagination to fill in some blanks.

In addition, please remember that the goal here is to put yourself in the principal investigator’s shoes at the time that he/she conducted the experiment.  If the experiment was conducted in the 1970s, for example, remember that the standards for human experimentation were different back then.  Answer the questions as the investigator WOULD have answered them (based upon what you read about the experiment), not as they SHOULD have answered them based upon today’s ethical standards.


Please choose ONE of the following experiments to read:

1.  The Milgram Obedience Study:  Found on pp. 27-40 in Readings About The Social Animal, 11th Edition.

2.  The Stanford Prison Experiment:  Original article available at the following:,%20Naval%20Research%20Reviews.pdf

3.  Deindividuation and Anger-Mediated Interracial Aggression:  Unmasking Regressive Racism:  Found on pp. 341-356 in Readings About The Social Animal, 11thEdition.

4.  Arbitrary Social Norms Influence Sex Differences in Romantic Selectivity:  Found on pp. 568-579 in Readings About The Social Animal, 11th Edition.

Assignment Instructions (Please complete both #1 and #2 below)

1.         After carefully reading your article, please complete the attached document.  You will complete the second half of the Mock IRB Application in Part 2 of this assignment in a later week in the semester.  The attached document is editable, so please place your responses directly into the document.  Be sure to save the document on your hard drive and then upload it into the slot for the assignment.

2.         After completing the Mock IRB Assignment-Part 1, please answer the following questions in a 3-page Word Document (.docx format) and upload as an attachment to the slot for the assignment.

a.         What was the most challenging section of the Mock IRB Application-Part 1 to complete?  Why was it challenging?

b.         Were there any sections of the Mock IRB Application-Part 1 that you felt the authors of your article did not adequately address (either in terms of not doing it or not addressing it in their write-up of their Method/Procedure)?

c.          If you were actually the Principal Investigator of this study, what might you do differently in order to adequately address all the questions asked on Part 1 of this Mock IRB Application?

d.         How do you think ethical standards have changed (if at all) since the Principal Investigator of your chosen study filled out his/her own IRB Application?

  • attachment

First and second person pronouns are not allowed in the paper, except in the critical analysis you can use first person singular words.

Topic: Psychology in marketing and business

The paper must be written in past tense.

First and second person pronouns are not allowed in the paper, except in the critical analysis you can use first person singular words. You may not use first person plural or second person pronouns anywhere in your document.

Do not generalize and avoid absolutes, all, never, etc.

Check your grammar, and get someone to help you check it.

APA formatting is half the grade be sure your paper looks like the template, the purpose of the template is to show you the correct formatting. Pay particular attention to the running heads, title, headings, and capitalization, read the instructions on the template carefully.

Remember you can only reference and cite the one paper you actually read, do not reference or cite materials you did not personally read. There are two types of correct citations, contextual and parenthetical, examples of these are as follows:

Contextual citations occur in the text of what you are writing and are part of the sentence. For example, Smith and Jones (2012) described the process of measuring intelligence based on stable, comparative processes.

An alternative citation using a parenthetical citation is as follows. The process of measuring intelligence was based on stable comparative processes (Smith & Jones, 2012).

Refer to the author(s) by last name only in the text of the paper. This prevents gender bias. Do not use initials anywhere but in the references. To restate only refer to the authors by last names.

You should have three to five references, the paper you read. Do not include the references the author of the original paper used, because you did not read those. Citations and references are breadcrumbs to show where you got your information, not where the original author got theirs. Three should be from the library databases.

Citations should be used frequently.

Be sure your references are formatted in APA style as the instructions tell you on the template, read the template and follow instructions it will make things much easier for you.

Remember also, you are critiquing an article, not writing about the subject matter. The introduction tells why the research was done, what was important about, the summary tells how it was done and what it means, the critical analysis is your point of view, what could have been better, etc.

The abstract is written last, it is the summary of your paper.

Finally, grammatically, paragraphs should be relatively short and focused about a specific idea, each page should have a minimum of two to three paragraphs.

The paper will include these:

Cover page

Abstract page

Introduction (at least one full page) The title of your paper appears at the top of page three as shown in the template – note everything is double spaced including space between headings and titles, do not add extra spaces.

Summary (at least two pages)

Critical Analysis (at least one full page)

Reference page with one reference – references are a page to themselves.