Contraindications in physical activity is the presence of or possibility of injuries occurring when preforming certain exercises.

An Informed Consent form is extremely important for any individual to take when first starting a training program with any professional. The main purpose of this form is knowledge. Once the client fills out their health background and family health history the trainer or health professional can have a better idea of any limitations, risks, or potential health hazards to look out for when working with their client. This form is also important for the professional providing services to their client, it can potentially save the health professional form any false liabilities that may arise that fall within the consent forms outline.

Each Informed Consent form will vary from one professional facility to another. It is an overview of the procedures that will occur during their fitness program. The facility or health individual needs to have the consent by the client that they are giving full permission to the health professional to give proper health treatment to the client as they see fit. The Informed Consent form will also go over their clients immediate and past health history as well as family health history. This information is vital to the health professional to be able to understand what current and possibly future health risks may occur. The understanding of each client’s full health background will help them create the best workout for their client that will keep them safe as they progress. In the Sample Consent form provided, the contents included the consent to engage in voluntary personal fitness training, being placed in a personal fitness program including dietary counseling and so forth. The sample form also goes over the client’s past health history and family health history as well as any current medical diagnosis, past examinations findings, and client’s full history of symptoms.

Contraindications in physical activity is the presence of or possibility of injuries occurring when preforming certain exercises. Any client that has injuries or diseases may have limitations that prevent them from preforming certain exercises or activities. There are two forms of contraindications in physical activity: absolute or relative. Absolute contraindications are any type of activity or exercise that poses a harmful threat to the client with no actual benefit.  Relative contraindications are when the exercise preformed still has a risk of injury, however, the pros of preforming the exercise are still beneficial to the client’s needs and therefore outweigh the potential injury. Authors Williams & Wilkins discuss this and state, “Patients with absolute contraindications should not perform exercise tests until such conditions are stabilized or adequately treated. Patients with relative contraindications may be tested only after careful evaluation of the risk–benefit ratio. However, it should be emphasized that contraindications might not apply in certain specific clinical situations such as soon after acute myocardial infarction, revascularization procedure, or bypass surgery or to determine the need for or benefit of drug therapy.”

References:

American College of Sports Medicine. (2014). ACSM’s guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (9th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.