Define the following ethical perspectives in your own words.

Part I

Define the following ethical perspectives in your own words. A minimum of three sources must be utilized and cited properly with in-text citations and a reference list. Avoid using direct quotes. If you summarize or paraphrase information in your own words, you must cite sources to provide credit for the ideas and concepts.

A = Rule utilitarianism
B = Kantian ethics
C = Virtue ethics
D = Care ethics
E = Social contract ethics
F = Subjective relativism
G = Cultural relativism
H = Divine command theory
I = Act utilitarianism

Part II

Determine which ethical perspective above is primarily reflected in each of the ten arguments below and explain why. A minimum of three sources must be utilized and cited properly with in-text citations and in the reference list. Avoid using direct quotes. If you summarize or paraphrase information in your own words, you must cite sources to provide credit for the ideas and concepts.

Arguments:

  1. Although many societies have practiced human sacrifice, human sacrifice was not considered wrong, even though we believe it is wrong in our culture. Therefore, human sacrifice within those cultures was not really wrong.
  2. Same-sex marriage is right because the Constitution offers equal protection under the law and society has agreed to follow the laws set forth in that document.
  3. “And the pig, though it has a split hoof completely divided, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you. You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.” (Leviticus 11:7–8)
  4. Your neighbor runs into her house screaming, blood dripping down her arm. Five minutes later a man with a bloody machete comes running down the street and stops and asks you where she went. You answer honestly “in her house.”
  5. Margarita spoke with her family and they all agreed that they would let her take the medication that would allow her to die peacefully instead of in pain.
  6. Souerette watched over the children in the daycare meticulously. She knew which children she could trust alone because of their behaviors with each other.
  7. He does not have the right character and temperament to be a state governor. He avoided service by faking a medical condition, he rarely tells the truth, he eats and drinks too much, and he has little patience with people.
  8. Patient autonomy and free choice are morally correct.
  9. I believe that it is perfectly fine to lie about some things.
  10. Wearing a mask when engaging with the public is the right decision because it protects the welfare of those in your community.