Hrm 522 week 5 midterm exam part 2 version 1 & 2 (all correct)


VERSION 1
Question 1 
________ responsibilities relate to a business’s contributions to stakeholders.
Answer 
Economic
Legal
Ethical
Voluntary
Social responsiveness
Question 2 
Which of the following is not a benefit to businesses of engaging in voluntary responsibilities?
Answer 
Help create an ethical culture and values that can act as a buffer to organizational misconduct
Reduce government involvement by providing assistance to stakeholders
Develop employee leadership skills
Improve employee compensation and retention
Improve the quality of life in communities
Question 3 
The primary objective of U.S. antitrust laws is to
Answer 
protect consumers from high prices and foreign products.
protect domestic businesses.
protect employees.
promote strategies that enhance business welfare over consumer welfare.
distinguish competitive strategies that enhance consumer welfare from those that reduce it.
Question 4 
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Answer 
prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct.
is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct.
prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender.
Question 5 
Which of the following acts, passed in response to public outrage over conditions described in Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle, was the first consumer protection legislation?
Answer 
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act of 1974
Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Question 6 
Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?
Answer 
Judicial law
Common law
Constitutional law
Administrative law
Statutory law
Question 7 
________ tie(s) an organization’s product(s) directly to a social concern through a marketing program.
Answer 
Voluntary contributions
Cause-related marketing
Strategic philanthropy
Corporate giving
Employee benefits
Question 8 
Cause related marketing can affect consumer ________, if consumers are sympathetic to the cause and the brand and cause are seen as a good fit.
Answer 
individual ethics
tastes
perceptions
budgets
buying patterns
Question 9 
Companies take basic ________ and translate them into core ________.
Answer 
Customs, values
Values, principles
Cultures, principles
Cultures, customs
Principles, values
Question 10 
Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?
Answer 
Peers
Managers
Spouses
Coworkers
Subordinates
Question 11 
Those who have influence in a work group are referred to as significant others and include
Answer 
peers, managers, coworkers, and subordinates.
family members, peers, and coworkers.
spouses and friends.
employees in similar job situations.
employees who hold the same job.
Question 12 
Which of the following is not an issue that helps in business ethics evaluations and decisions?
Answer 
Ethical issue intensity
Individual factors
Organizational factors
Personal guilt
Opportunity
Question 13 
Which of the following is not one of the six “spheres of influence” to which individuals are subject when confronted with an ethical issue?
Answer 
Educational attainment
Workplace
Family
Legal system
Community
Question 14 
The ________ includes the motivational “carrots and sticks” superiors use to influence employee behavior.
Answer 
Obedience to authority
Immediate job context
Locus of control
Normative approach
Descriptive approach
Question 15 
Normative business ethics takes into account the ________ realities outside the legal realm in the form of industry standards.
Answer 
Descriptive
Political
Social
Economic
Normative
Question 16 
Following the ethical directives of a superior relates to
Answer 
an internal locus of control.
obedience to authority.
moral intensity.
gender.
ethical issue intensity
Question 17 
When a person defines right and wrong on the basis of legal contracts, he or she is using which of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
Answer 
Punishment and obedience (1st stage)
Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)
Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)
Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage)
Universal ethical principles (6th stage)
Question 18 
Which moral philosophy is based on the premise that equal respect must be given to all persons?
Answer 
The relativist perspective
Deontology
Egoism
Teleology
Utilitarianism
Question 19 
An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
Answer 
Universal ethical principles (6th stage)
Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)
Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)
Punishment and obedience (1st stage)
Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage)
Question 20 
Which is the last of Kohlberg’s stages of cognitive moral development?
Answer 
Individual instrumental purpose and exchange
Need achievement
Social system and conscience maintenance
Punishment and obedience
Universal ethical principles
Question 21 
________ justice is based on the evaluation of outcomes or results of the business relationship.
Answer 
Procedural
Interactional
Distributive
Ethical
Egotistical
Question 22 
________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results.
Answer 
Disruptive
Procedural
Interactional
Communications
Evaluative
Question 23 
A central problem with relativism is
Answer 
that it emphasizes people’s differences, not similarities.
that few people believe that these principles are important.
that they are very complicated.
that they represent unattainable goals.
that many feel that virtue ethics only works in theory.
Question 24 
________ deals with the issue of what individuals feel they are due based on their rights and performance in the workplace, and therefore is more likely to be based on deontological moral philosophies than on teleological or utilitarian ones.
Answer 
Rights
Virtue ethics
Justice
Relativism
Egoism
Question 25 
Enlightened egoism
Answer 
is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others.
centers completely on the short-term well-being of others.
centers on one’s short-term self-interest.
centers on one’s long-term self-interest but takes others’ well-being into account.
centers on the long-term well-being of others

VERSION 2
Question 1 
The ________ was called “a sweeping overhaul of the financial regulatory system…on a scale not seen since the reforms that followed the Great Depression.”
Answer 
Equal Pay Act
Americans with Disabilities Act
Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
VII of the Civil Rights Act
Question 2 
________ law not only prohibits specific actions in business such as fraud, theft, or securities trading violations, but also imposes fines or imprisonment as punishment for breaking the law.
Answer 
Civil
Criminal
Competitive
Administrative
Regulatory
Question 3 
________ is the synergistic and mutually beneficial use of an organization’s core competencies and resources to deal with key stakeholders so as to bring about organizational and societal benefits.
Answer 
Social responsibility
Business ethics
Corporate philanthropy
Strategic philanthropy
Cause-related marketing
Question 4 
The ________ of ethics involves embedding values, norms, and artifacts in organizations, industries, and society.
Answer 
institutionalization
rationalization
commercialization
mobilization
enforcement
Question 5 
The ________ regulates tobacco, dietary supplements, vaccines, veterinary drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, products that give off radiation, and biological products.
Answer 
World Trade Organization
Consumer Financial Protection Agency
Department of Justice
Environmental Protection Agency
The Food and Drug Administration
Question 6 
Which is not one of the four sources of criminal and civil laws?
Answer 
Judicial law
Common law
Constitutional law
Administrative law
Statutory law
Question 7 
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Answer 
prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
penalizes the top executives in an organization for misconduct.
is basically the same as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.
discourages whistle-blowers from reporting misconduct.
prohibits pay discrimination on the basis of gender
Question 8 
Companies that ________ will most likely be found in violation of procompetitive legislation.
Answer 
pollute waterways
knowingly harm consumers
contract with sweatshops
establish monopolies
help consumers
Question 9 
The ________can be defined as a set of values, norms, and artifacts, including ways of solving problems shared by members of an organization.
Answer 
corporate culture
intentions of a corporate
ethical issue awareness
determination of a corporation
individual factors
Question 10 
Which of the following is not considered a significant other group in the workplace?
Answer 
Peers
Managers
Spouses
Coworkers
Subordinates
Question 11 
______ have been found to decrease unethical practices and increase positive work behavior.
Answer 
High educational attainment levels
High levels of community involvement
Charismatic leaders
Strong religious beliefs
Good personal values
Question 12 
For people who begin the value shift that leads to unethical decisions, which of the following is not a usual justification to reduce and eliminate guilt?
Answer 
I need a paycheck and can’t afford to quit right now.
Those around me are doing it so why shouldn’t I?
If I don’t do this, I might not be able to get a good reference from my boss when I leave.
If I don’t do this, I might never be promoted.
This is in keeping with my personal morals and the code of conduct, so it is okay.
Question 13 
Which of the following is the first step in the ethical decision making process?
Answer 
Being socialized into the firm’s corporate culture
Applying a personal moral philosophy in order to individualize the ethical decision making process
Recognizing that an issue requires an individual or work group to make a choice that ultimately will be judged by stakeholders as right or wrong
Soliciting the opinions of others in a work group or in the overall business in order to gain feedback
Enforcing the firm’s ethical standards with rewards and punishment
Question 14 
The ________ includes the motivational “carrots and sticks” superiors use to influence employee behavior.
Answer 
Obedience to authority
Immediate job context
Locus of control
Normative approach
Descriptive approach
Question 15 
Employees that see themselves as going with the flow because that’s all they can do have a(n)
Answer 
external locus of control.
moral intensity
obedience to authority
opportunity
internal locus of control
Question 16 
________ is the ability to perceive whether a situation or decision has an ethical dimension.
Answer 
Ethical issue intensity
Locus of control
Ethical awareness
Moral intensity
Opportunity
Question 17 
________ have lower ethical issue sensitivity, meaning they are less likely to detect ethical issues. They may be more committed to completing projects and more dedicated to group values and objectives.
Answer 
Relativists
Hedonists
Pragmatists
Deontologists
Teleologists
Question 18 
Enlightened egoism
Answer 
is when an individual puts spiritual feelings above all others.
centers completely on the short-term well-being of others.
centers on one’s short-term self-interest.
centers on one’s long-term self-interest but takes others’ well-being into account.
centers on the long-term well-being of others
Question 19 
________ believe that no one thing is intrinsically good.
Answer 
Hedonists
Pluralists
Relativists
Deontologists
Teleologists
Question 20 
An individual who emphasizes others rather than himself or herself in making decisions is in which of the following of Kohlberg’s stages of development?
Answer 
Universal ethical principles (6th stage)
Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity (3rd stage)
Social system and conscience maintenance (4th stage)
Punishment and obedience (1st stage)
Prior rights, social contract, or utility (5th stage
Question 21 
Which moral philosophy evaluates the morality of an action on the basis of its conformity to general moral principles and respect for individual rights?
Answer 
The relativist perspective
Act utilitarianism
Rule utilitarianism
Act deontology
Rule deontology
Question 22 
Which is the last of Kohlberg’s stages of cognitive moral development?
Answer 
Individual instrumental purpose and exchange
Need achievement
Social system and conscience maintenance
Punishment and obedience
Universal ethical principles
Question 23 
An individual who believes that an action is ethical because others within his or her company and industry regularly engage in the activity is probably a(n)
Answer 
utilitarian.
relativist.
teleologist.
deontologist.
egoist.
Question 24 
________ justice considers the processes and activities that produce the outcome or results.
Answer 
Disruptive
Procedural
Interactional
Communications
Evaluative
Question 25 
According to Kohlberg’s model, as a person progresses through the stages of moral development, and with time, education, and experience, he/she
Answer 
is unlikely to change his/her values and ethical behavior.
may change his/her values and ethical behavior.
will likely be promoted.
will depend more on the input of significant others in ethical decision making.
will experience less opportunity to behave unethically.

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