Organizational/ industrial assignment | Management homework help

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All four projects for this course will be completed from the vantage

point of a specific industry and an organization assigned to you by me

as your instructor. Here are the organizations/industries I have to

assign:

1. A research extensive public university in the higher education

sector.

2. A private hospital in the healthcare sector.

3. A public K-12 public school district in the education sector.

4. A private retail bank in the finance sector.

5. A local state municipality in the government sector.

6. A federal defense contractor in the public-private sector.

7. A national commercial retail superstore chain in the private

consumer goods sector.

Project 1: Security Models

Start Here

Security Models

[Music]

You have just taken a position as the chief information security officer

at your organization. John Williams, the chief technology officer and

your new boss, stops at your office door.

“I know you’re busy, but I’d like you to come by my office when you get

a chance.”

Excited about the prospect of something new, you grab a pen and

paper and walk to John’s office.

John says, “Thanks for coming over so quickly. I’ll get right to the point.

As the CISO, I’m sure that you’re aware of the recent Office of

Personnel Management breach, and the impact that this has had on

our industry."

John continues, “I’m sure that you also realize the heavy burden on our

department to protect our organization’s assets and information. I

would like to make sure that a similar situation doesn’t happen here.

My first step toward preventive measures is to develop new policies

and procedures that better protect our data.”

John sits at his desk and begins typing while he says, “That brings me

to why I asked you here. While I begin my review of current policies

and procedures, I would like you to help me by drafting a custom

security plan that best fits our organization.”

John continues, “You should start by analyzing our security

weaknesses, or vulnerabilities, then continue with reviewing existing

security models and analyzing which attributes are best suited for our

organization. You will look at the pros and cons of each model, which

attributes are best suited for us, and the reasoning behind your

conclusions. You will need to submit your completed report to me with

a drafted security plan in two weeks.”

As a new employee, you realize that this is a great opportunity to show

your new boss how you can make a positive contribution to your

organization. You know you have enough time to complete your

analysis if you start right away.

[Music]

Most companies and agencies implement security models to protect

the confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA) of information and

data. As security vulnerabilities and threats continue to evolve, security

systems need to adapt to effectively protect data and systems.

This is the first of four sequential projects for this course. In this

project, you will evaluate existing security models and their attributes

and ultimately recommend a custom security plan to your assigned

organization.

You will also evaluate the pros and cons of implementing particular

model attributes based on the type of organization and employees in

relation to CIA.

To complete the project, you will write a report on the importance of

security models in organizations like yours and identify the

vulnerabilities of the organization.

There are 14 steps in this project. Begin by reviewing the project

scenario and then proceed to Step 1.

Competencies

Your work will be evaluated using the competencies listed below.

 5.1: Define and appropriately use basic cybersecurity concepts

and terminology.

 6.2: Create an information security program and strategy, and

maintain alignment of the two.

 7.3: Evaluate enterprise cybersecurity policy.

 9.2: Vulnerability Assessment: Rank the vulnerabilities of a

system from a disaster-management perspective.

Step 1: Review the Assigned Organization

All four projects for this course will be completed from the vantage

point of a specific industry and an organization assigned to you by the

instructor. If you do not know your assigned organization, contact your

instructor immediately. If you want to use another organization than the

one assigned you or one not listed, contact your instructor as well.

Familiarize yourself with the organization and breach your instructor

has assigned by reviewing the details

at https://www.databreaches.net/. The descriptions include an overview

and key information about the organization on the internet, as well as

information about a breach or attempted breach. For the purposes of

this course, you will assume this organization is your employer.

You may wish to briefly research your assigned organization to gather

additional information about the organization and its security posture.

Career Connections

The breach you have been assigned is a matter of historical fact. Your

scholarly research into this matter can and should inform your

approach to cybersecurity management. Your ability to fluently

converse on past cyber breaches is one way of demonstrating to

potential employers that you have the necessary knowledge, skills, and

abilities to be a valuable addition to their team. Take notes as you read

about this breach—feel free to search for other major breaches—and

pay attention to the mistakes that were made that and what actions

were taken afterward. As a part of the interview process, you might be

asked to apply this knowledge to a new situation.

You will use this information throughout the project as you work to

develop a security plan for your organization.

In the next step, you will compile a cybersecurity overview.

Step 2: Write a Cybersecurity Background Summary

In Step 1, you familiarized yourself with your assigned organization.

Now, it is time to write a cybersecurity overview. Write a three-page

background summary that includes a general overview of cybersecurity

and a section on enterprise cybersecurity.

Include the following items in the general overview of cybersecurity:

 Compare and contrast cybersecurity and computer security.

 Discuss data flows across networks. As part of this discussion, it

may help to review the following topics: binary digits,  nontextual

data , ASCII, hexadecimal, computer networks, network devices

and cables, and network protocols.

 Discuss basic cybersecurity concepts and vulnerabilities,

including flaws that can exist in software. As part of this

discussion, it may help to review the following topics: systems,

utilities, and application software, software, interaction of

software, and creating a program.

 Discuss common cybersecurity attacks. Helpful topics

include protocols, web sessions, and security issues, servers and

firewalls, a closer look at the World Wide Web and web markup

language, cyberattacks, and attack vectors.

 Discuss penetration testing.

 Discuss how to employ network forensic analysis tools (NFAT) to

identify software communications vulnerabilities.

Include the following items in the enterprise cybersecurity section:

 List and discuss the major concepts of enterprise cybersecurity,

including confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA)

 Discuss the principles that underlie the development of an

enterprise cybersecurity policy framework and implementation

plan.

 List the major types of cybersecurity threats that a modern

enterprise might face.

You will attach this cybersecurity background summary to the security

assessment in a later project step.

Submit the cybersecurity background summary for feedback.

Step 3: Analyze Security Weaknesses

After writing the cybersecurity background summary, you are ready to

analyze the security weaknesses of your assigned organization. When

analyzing cybersecurity weaknesses, there are several areas to

consider.

Analyze the organization’s security from the following perspectives:

1. a technology perspective

2. a people perspective

3. a policy perspective

You will include this information in the security assessment. In the next

step, you will consider risk factors. 

Step 4: Compile a Risk Summary

Now that you have looked at security weaknesses, it’s time to identify

areas that should be improved or strengthened, including potential

risks associated with maintaining the current security posture. Discuss

how you would employ network analysis tools to identify software

communications vulnerabilities. Make sure to include the following

information:

1. Classify risks according to relevant criteria.

2. Explain system and application security threats and

vulnerabilities.

3. Prioritize risks from internal and external sources.

4. Assess the cybersecurity threats faced by your entity.

You will include this information in the security assessment, which you

will compile in the next step.

Step 5: Submit a Security Weakness Assessment

From the information that you gathered in the previous steps, develop

a two-page summary of your organization’s security weaknesses.

Identify threats, risks, and vulnerabilities to achieve a holistic view of

risk across the entity.

Consider areas that should be improved from a technology

perspective, a people perspective, and a policy perspective. Also note

potential risks associated with maintaining the current security posture.

You will reference this security assessment later when you make your

business case and final recommendation.

Submit the security assessment for feedback.

Step 6: Begin a Security Models Summary

Confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA triad), as well as

authentication and nonrepudiation, are fundamental security concepts

that must be considered when assessing and developing security

options. Cybersecurity models have been developed to address some

or all of these security concepts.

While these models were generally created to address a specific

business case, each of the models has attributes that could be used to

assemble a custom security plan. In order to draft a custom security

plan for your organization, you will need to understand basic security

models. You will identify key features, weaknesses, and targeted

sectors and/or infrastructures.

In this step and the following step, you will develop a short summary

for each of the security models listed. These reports will serve as an

Appendix A to the final memo and will document the security models

and their attributes in advance of the memo that you will deliver with

your recommended approach.

Each summary should include a descriptive and evaluative paragraph

on the following attributes:

Include the origins of the model (who developed it, when was it

developed, and the context under which it was developed), main

characteristics of the model (details on the business, sector, industry

for whom the model was developed), and key features of the model.

Write summaries for the following common models:

 Bell-LaPadula

 Biba’s Strict Integrity Policy

 Clark-Wilson

 Chinese Wall

When you have completed these summaries, continue to the next step,

where you'll write a summary for the next four security models.

Step 7: Continue the Security Models Summary

Continue summarizing the various cybersecurity models, as in the

previous step. Again, identify key features, weaknesses, and targeted

sectors/infrastructures and develop a short summary for each of the

security models listed below. These reports will be added to Appendix

A for the final memo and will document the security models and their

attributes in advance of the memo that you will deliver with your

recommended approach.

Each summary should include a descriptive and evaluative paragraph

on the following attributes:

Include the origins of the model (who developed it, when was it

developed, and the context under which it was developed), main

characteristics of the model (details on the business, sector, industry

for whom the model was developed), and key features of the model.

Write summaries for the following models:

 Clinical Information Systems Security

 Noninterference Security

 Deducibility Security

 Graham-Denning

When you have finished both steps and the Security Models Summary,

submit Appendix A for feedback.

Step 8: Analyze the Security Models

Now that you are familiar with existing common security models,

analyze each of the security models that you reviewed in the last two

steps and their attributes against the needs of your organization as

identified in the earlier steps. The information that you gather here will

contribute to your security plan.

In the next step, you will look at features that will work for the

organization.

Step 9: Identify Relevant Model Features

Next, identify features from the models that apply to your assigned

organization’s security needs. Also include any security attributes that

you believe are important for your organization but are not included in

any of the models. The information that you gather here, along with the

information gathered in the previous step, will contribute to the security

plan.

When you are finished, in the next step you will put together a security

plan for the organization.

Step 10: Design a Custom Security Plan

Having completed an assessment of your organization’s security

posture and the analysis of security models, you will now design a

custom security plan for the organization. The custom security plan

should meet the following criteria:

 The security plan should coincide with the organization's IT

vision, mission, and goals.

 Include an information security program that aligns with business

strategy.

 Incorporate all internal and external business functions within the

organization's security programs.

 Classify risks according to relevant criteria.

 Prioritize threats from both internal and external sources.

 Rank the most relevant security attributes for the organization

and list them in priority order. This list will serve as Appendix B to

your final assignment.

Submit Appendix B for feedback.

Step 11: Develop a Business Case for Your Organization

With the new security plan written, you will need to develop a business

case for it to include in the memo to the CTO. Using your knowledge of

the organization’s security posture from Step 1 and your understanding

of applicable security model features, make the case for changes to

the organization. Include the rationale for change and any impacts to

the business.

Also include an implementation plan. Describe the present situation in

the organization and the associated risks assumed given the security

weaknesses.

The work you do in this step will become the first of three sections of

the three-page memo in the last step of the project.

In the next step, you will work on another section of the memo, security

models.

Step 12: Identify Security Model Attributes

Next, detail the security model attributes that best apply to the

organization. Identify the model, if any, from which the attributes are

derived and why the attribute applies to the organization.

The work you do in this step will become the second section of the

memo in Step 14.

Assess Security Improvement Potential

Finally, give your best judgment on the potential to improve the security

posture of the organization when your recommendations are

implemented. You will need to evaluate the pros and cons of

implementation in relation to CIA. Discuss the risks and impacts to

include a high-level assessment of financials. Consider how business

continuity and continued alignment will be maintained.

The work you do in this step will become the third section of the memo

in the final step.

Step 14: Develop and Submit a Security Plan

Recommendation Memorandum

Compile the analyses completed in the last three steps into a

memorandum from you to your supervisor. This memo should be three

pages, excluding Appendices A and B, and should clearly articulate the

business case for adopting features from the reviewed security models.

It should include the following:

 a description of the security model attributes

 an assessment of the weaknesses in the organization that the

security features will address

 your rationale for selecting the specific security attributes and

your prognosis of success, noting risks and impacts to include a

high-level assessment of financials

 the policies and procedures that will need to be in place for the

security plan to work

 the infrastructure that will need to be in place for the security

program to operate and to align with each entity within the

organization

 a plan for evaluating the security plan's effectiveness

Update the appendices according to the feedback received. Submit the

memorandum along with Appendices A and B.

Check Your Evaluation Criteria

Before you submit your assignment, review the competencies below,

which your instructor will use to evaluate your work. A good practice

would be to use each competency as a self-check to confirm you have

incorporated all of them. To view the complete grading rubric, click My

Tools, select Assignments from the drop-down menu, and then click

the project title.

 5.1: Define and appropriately use basic cybersecurity concepts

and terminology.

 6.2: Create an information security program and strategy, and

maintain alignment of the two.

 7.3: Evaluate enterprise cybersecurity policy.

 9.2: Vulnerability Assessment: Rank the vulnerabilities of a

system from a disaster-management perspective.