Propose two (2) strategies a public leader can address regarding both health systems in order to make each structure more cost effective and operationally efficient.

Week 4 eActivity .

•Read the following articles located in Week 4 of the course shell and be prepared to discuss: ◦“Leading in The Shared-Power World of 2020” ◦“Leading to Make a Difference: A Field Experiment on the Performance Effects of Transformational Leadership, Perceived Social Impact, and Public Service Motivation” ◦“Symposium Conclusion: Future Research on the Dimensions of Collaboration”

•Use the Internet to research a large independent health system within the U.S. that utilizes a combination of centralized and decentralized leadership operational approaches (e.g., Kaiser, etc.). Next, use the Internet to research centralized healthcare in European health systems. Be prepared to discuss.

Bringing Reform in a Highly Centralized Organization” Please respond to the following: •From the weekly readings and first e-Activity, analyze two (2) major pressures that a public leader faces from shareholders, customers, stakeholders, and employees. Propose two to three (2-3) key actions that public leaders can take in order to maintain a leadership style in the face of such pressures. Justify your response. •From the weekly readings and second e-Activity, compare the U.S. health system that you have researched to the centralized healthcare in European health systems. Propose two (2) strategies a public leader can address regarding both health systems in order to make each structure more cost effective and operationally efficient. Provide a rationale for your response.