This week there will be no formal discussion for our class. However, there is a reading assignment. Based on the reading assignment there is a reflection requirement.

Reflection Assignment

This week there will be no formal discussion for our class. However, there is a reading assignment. Based on the reading assignment there is a reflection requirement. This is basically a written paragraph of about five to six sentences about what you have read. Your reflection should be posted on the discussion board (remember it is just a paragraph of five to six sentences) regarding your readings for this week. No discussions are required this week.

Reading Assignment

Our reading assignment for our class this week will involve:

Chapter 16 – Internet, Secondary Analysis and Historical Research

Chapter 17 – Intervention

Your class participation is the basis for grading of this requirement. Please note that I am actively going through everyone’s phrase three written assignments. Thank you for your continued diligence in our course.

Under chapter 16 this week, we will explore topics such as incorporating the internet for your research, revisiting participant testing as well as interviewing. Ethical concerns, historical research, and its appraisal.

In review of chapter 17, intervention in research will be explained. As per our text, not all research involves an intervention. Frequently, interventions are seen within improvement projects frequently completed in DNP programs. At this phase of research, the principle investigator interacts with their research team. Documentation stems from the methodology section.

Investigating the internet in research, please know and understand the following.

Internet-based research method refers to any research method that uses the Internet to collect data. Most commonly, the Web has been used as the means for conducting the study, but e-mail has been used as well. The use of e-mail to collect data dates back to the 1980s while the first uses of the Web to collect data started in the mid-1990s. Whereas e-mail is principally limited to survey and questionnaire methodology, the Web, with its ability to use media, has the ability to execute full experiments and implement a wide variety of research methods. The use of the Internet offers new opportunities for access to participants allowing for larger and more diverse samples.

Reference

Salkind, N. J. (2010). Encyclopedia of research design (Vols. 1-0). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412961288

Secondary analysis is the re-analysis of either qualitative or quantitative data already collected in a previous study, by a different researcher normally wishing to address a new research question.

Reference

Tate, J. A., Happ, M. B.  (2018). Qualitative secondary analysis: A case exemplar. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. Volume 32, Issue 3, p. 308-312.

Historical inquiry proceeds with the formulation of a problem or set of questions worth pursuing. In the most direct approach, students might be encouraged to analyze a document, record, or site itself. Who produced it, when, how, and why? What is the evidence of its authenticity, authority, and credibility? What does it tell them of the point of view, background, and interests of its author or creator? What else must they discover in order to construct a useful story, explanation, or narrative of the event of which this document or artifact is a part? What interpretation can they derive from their data, and what argument can they support in the historical narrative they create from the data?

Reference

University of California Los Angeles. (2020). Historical Research Capabilities. Retrieved from https://phi.history.ucla.edu/nchs/historical-thinking-standards/4-historical-research-capabilities/

An intervention is a combination of program elements or strategies designed to produce behavior changes or improve health status among individuals or an entire population. Interventions may include educational programs, new or stronger policies, improvements in the environment, or a health promotion campaign. Interventions that include multiple strategies are typically the most effective in producing desired and lasting change.

Reference

Cambon, L., Terral, P. & Alla, F. From intervention to interventional system: towards greater theorization in population health intervention research. BMC Public Health 19, 339 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6663-y

Supplemental Readings

Please access these external links for additional information:

Internet-Based Research

https://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2007/05/williams

Secondary analysis of existing data: opportunities and implementation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4311114/

Historical Research

University of Wisconsin-Madison. (n.d.). Research Guides: Introduction to Historical Research: Home. Retrieved from https://researchguides.library.wisc.edu/introhist

Intervention

https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-6663-y

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